Pythagoras was an ancient Greek philosopher and the founder of Pythagoreanism. He is credited with many mathematical and scientific discoveries such as the Pythagorean theorem, Pythagorean tuning, etc.

Pythagoras was born in 570 BC in Samos, Greece. Pythagoras is said to have travelled to Croton in 530BC and founded a school in which initiatives were sworn to secrecy and lived an ascetic, communal lifestyle. He is credited for many scientific and mathematical discoveries, including the Pythagorean theorem, Pythagorean tuning, the five regular solids, the Theory of Proportions, the sphericity of the Earth and the identity of the morning and evening stars like Venus. He is also said to have been the first to divide the globe into 5 climatic zones. In the field of music, Pythagoras discovered that musical notes could be translated into mathematical equations. He is also credited for having been the first to teach that the Earth was spherical. His philosophy influenced Plato and had a major impact on scientists like Nicolaus Copernicus, Johannes Kepler and Isaac Newton.